Question: What Challenges Do Archaeologists Face?

What are some challenges archaeologists face during their research?

Archaeology has plenty of enemies—attackers and destroyers of artifacts.

Most are microscopic (like bacteria) or invisible (like the wind and earthquakes).

Some are human: Looters and vandals have stolen artifacts and ruined sites since at least the time of ancient Egypt..

What are the disadvantages of archeology?

The disadvantage is that archaeology is a destructive process. When excavating a site the archeologist is essentially destroying it. Sure, large structural remains such as foundations are often left intact, but generally when a site has been excavated, it’s gone forever.

What’s the definition of Archaeology?

noun. the scientific study of historic or prehistoric peoples and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts, inscriptions, monuments, and other such remains, especially those that have been excavated. Rare. ancient history; the study of antiquity.

What can we learn from artifacts?

This evidence tells us about past events and provides information on how the people before us lived their lives: what they ate, how they built their houses and how they organized their communities. … Ancient artifacts are simply objects that give evidence about people’s lives in the distant past.

What are the disadvantages of oral tradition?

The disadvantage of oral tradition as a sole means of transmitting cultural knowledge is that a gap in the chain of transmission can result in the…

What is Archaeology PDF?

Archaeology is the study of past cultures. Archaeologists are interested in how people of the past lived, worked, traded with others, moved across the landscape, and what they believed. Understanding the past may help us better understand our own society and that of other cultures.

What are some of the possible problems of archaeological interpretation?

Archaeological InterpretationNo Voice from the Past. Artefacts are tangible objects that have once been used by people in the past. … Modern Cultural Bias. … The Basic Questions. … High Level Deductive Reasoning. … Misleading Clues Need a Careful Approach. … Honesty Will Reject Flawed Theories. … Further Reading.

What makes an archaeologist’s job difficult?

In addition to mud, bugs, and weather conditions, there are also the unpredictable challenges that technical difficulties pose as well as navigation. When people think of fieldwork, they imagine archaeologists digging for some sort of lost treasure or buried civilization. Pompeii is a good example of this.

What are the three goals of Archaeology?

The goals of archaeology are to document and explain the origins and development of human culture, understand culture history, chronicle cultural evolution, and study human behavior and ecology, for both prehistoric and historic societies.

What is the difference between Archaeology and archeology?

The spelling archaeology is indeed the long-time and fully accepted British spelling. However, the spelling archeology is not now—and never has been—the long-time and fully accepted American spelling of this word.

What are the disadvantages of written history?

Disadvantages of written sources (i) It may be difficult to authenticate ananymous documents. (ii) Some textbooks are written in languages that are difficult to understand. (iii) They cannot be used by illiterate people. (iv) Most written sources tend to wear out and get destroyed over time.

What are the methods of Archaeology?

Archaeology Techniques Archaeologists crawl, kneel and laboriously brush away dirt with a brush from objects they unearth. Soil, sand and excavated material are sifted through screen to retrieve small artifacts. Archaeologists often dig a series of trial trenches to figure out the best places to excavate.

What is the purpose of Archaeology?

The goal of archaeology is to understand how and why human behavior has changed over time. Archaeologists search for patterns in the evolution of significant cultural events such as the development of farming, the emergence of cities, or the collapse of major civilizations for clues of why these events occurred.

What are the branches of Archaeology?

There are two main branches of archaeology: classical, or historical, archaeology and anthropological, or prehistoric, archaeology. The education and training of an archaeologist are divided along these two lines, though the general sequence of each is similar.

What are some examples of Archaeology?

For example, when archaeologists studied the wreck of the Civil War ironclad, the Monitor, they were doing both historic and underwater archaeology. The two main types are prehistoric and historic archaeology.

What are the problems of archaeological interpretation in reconstruction of the past?

Artefacts are tangible objects that have once been used by people in the past. The problem facing archaeological interpretation is that when an artefact is found, there is no one alive today (and hasn’t been for up to thousands of years) that made, used, or saw the object in operation.

How do archaeologists analyze artifacts?

Archaeologists use trowels to scrape away thin layers of soil from test units, or holes in the ground. Of course, archaeologists use many other tools in the field and lab. They need equipment to dig, sift, measure, and analyze artifacts. Some, like Scanning Electron Microscopes (SEM) are very specialized.

What are the disadvantages of anthropology?

Identify one disadvantage of using anthropology as a source of information in History and Government.Information may be exaggerated.some information or facts may be omitted.information given maybe biased.information obtained may be inaccurate.some historical information may be forgotten due to loss of memory.More items…•