Question: What Does Antimony Mean?

What is antimony in the Bible?

Antimony is a chemical element that can be found on the periodic table as the atomic symbol Sb.

Knowledge of it dates back to biblical times, when antimony minerals were used in products such as cosmetics.

Antimony is used for a variety of products, such as flame-retardants and lead batteries..

How does antimony affect the body?

Antimony in the air can cause lung effects in workers and laboratory animals. Antimony can also cause heart problems. It can damage the heart muscle and cause changes in electrocardiogram (EKG) readings. High levels of antimony in drinking water can cause vomiting and abdominal pain.

What foods contain antimony?

ElementUsual Food SourceAntimonyFoods stored in enamel vessels and cansArsenicCrustaceans and fish, contaminated water, fruits and vegetables grown in contaminated areas or with spray residuesBariumBrazil nuts, cereals grown in barium- rich soilBoronPlant foods8 more rows

How much antimony is lethal?

The lethal oral dose of metallic antimony in rats is 100 mg/kg of body weight; the trivalent and pentavalent oxides are less toxic, with LD50 in rats ranging from 3200–4000 mg/kg of body weight. The recommended workplace limit (ACGIH TLV-TWA) for antimony is 0.5 mg/m3 as an 8-hour time-weighted average.

What is antimony used for?

A lead-antimony alloy is used in batteries. Other uses of antimony alloys include type metal (in printing presses), bullets and cable sheathing. Antimony compounds are used to make flame-retardant materials, paints, enamels, glass and pottery. Antimony and many of its compounds are toxic.

Is antimony used in mascara?

Element 51 in our International Year of the Periodic Table series is antimony. Used in antiquity as eyeliner and mascara, today antimony finds uses in fire retardants, car batteries and bullets. … Antimony sulfide (stibnite) was ground into a powder called kohl which could then be used as an eye cosmetic.

Is antimony a heavy metal?

Other examples include manganese, chromium, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, silver, antimony and thallium. Heavy metals are found naturally in the earth. … Some elements otherwise regarded as toxic heavy metals are essential, in small quantities, for human health.

Is Pewter toxic?

It is important to note that early pewter had a very large lead content. Because lead is a poisonous substance, its daily or frequent use resulted in the chemical leaching out of the plate, spoon or tankard and quickly being absorbed into the human body. As a result, many died from pewter poisoning, especially sailors.

Is antimony harmful to humans?

Antimony toxicity occurs either due to occupational exposure or during therapy. Occupational exposure may cause respiratory irritation, pneumoconiosis, antimony spots on the skin and gastrointestinal symptoms. In addition antimony trioxide is possibly carcinogenic to humans.

Can antimony kill you?

Antimony is even more toxic when inhaled as the gas, stibine, SbH3. Poisoning by antimony ingestion manifests as gastric distress, and large doses cause vomiting, and kidney and liver damage, followed by death a few days later.

Why is antimony used in bullets?

There are several lead alloys used in bullet casting. They utilize varying amounts of tin and antimony, as well as trace amounts of other metals, in order to harden the bullet and to make it cast better. High ratios of antimony will harden lead considerably, but at the expense of brittleness.

Is indium toxic?

Indium is a moderately toxic metal by inhalation and mildly toxic by ingestion. However, the exact nature of its human toxicity is not clearly understood. Indium is a soft, malleable metal with a brilliant lustre.

Is antimony used in medicine?

Today, neither metallic antimony nor its compounds have a medical use, although up to the 1970s, antimony compounds were used to treat parasitic infections like schistosomiasis. These preparations did kill the parasites, but sometimes they also dispatched the patient.

Is antimony a metal or nonmetal?

Pure antimony metal is silver gray/white and brittle. Although actually a metal, like germanium and tellurium (of which more in forthcoming articles), antimony is also termed a metalloid. (A metalloid displays the characteristics of both a metal and a nonmetal.)

Does antimony react with water?

Reaction of antimony with water At red heat, antimony reacts with water to form the trioxide antimony(III) oxide, Sb2O3.