Quick Answer: What Are The Basics Of Electronics?

What are the basic electronic symbols?

Basic Electrical SymbolsGround or Earth.

A ground symbol (IEC symbol 5017) identifies a ground terminal.


A resistor reduces current flow.


Disconnects the current when open.


A capacitor symbol shows two terminals running into plates.




Transformer.More items….

What are the different schematic symbols?

Here is an overview of the most used symbols in circuit diagrams.Battery. The symbol for a battery is shown below. … Variable resistor (Potentiometer) The variable resistor or potentiometer is drawn in several different ways. … Diode. … Inductor. … Integrated Circuit. … Logic Gates. … Operational Amplifier. … Switch.More items…•

What are the 3 types of electricity?

There are basic types of sources used to generate electricity and are further divided into two categories; renewable & new-renewable sources.Fossil Fuels 67% (Non-Renewable Source): Coal 41%, Natural Gas 21% & Oil 5.1%Renewable Energy 16%Mainly Hydroelectric 92%: Wind 6%, Geothermal 1%, Solar 1%Nuclear Power 13%More items…•

What are the 2 main types of circuits?

There are two basic types of electric circuits, called series and parallel circuits. They differ in the number of loops through which current can flow. You can see an example of each type of circuit in Figure below. A series circuit has only one loop through which current can flow.

What two things does every circuit have?

A circuit must have a power source, such as a battery, and the current flows through a conductor, such as a wire. Bulbs, buzzers, and motors are components that change electricity into light, sound, and movement.

What are the types of electronics?

Electronics has branches as follows:Digital electronics.Analogue electronics.Microelectronics.Circuit design.Integrated circuits.Power electronics.Optoelectronics.Semiconductor devices.More items…

Is voltage similar to pressure?

3 Answers. Voltage is like pressure in a hydraulic or pneumatic system. If you have a small diameter pipe (or a high resistance wire), you will need more pressure (voltage) to get the same flow (current). Also, with more pressure (voltage) each unit of steam (charge) does more work.

What is the symbol for current?

Symbol. The conventional symbol for current is I, which originates from the French phrase intensité du courant, (current intensity). Current intensity is often referred to simply as current.

What is the symbol for ammeter?

Ammeters are typically represented by a circle with a letter A inside (Figure 1). Figure 1. Symbol for ammeter. Voltmeters are typically represented by a circle with a letter V inside (Figure 2).

What are the 3 basic parts of a circuit?

A circuit is the path that an electric current travels on, and a simple circuit contains three components necessary to have a functioning electric circuit, namely, a source of voltage, a conductive path, and a resistor. Circuits are driven by flows.

What is basic electrical knowledge?

Build an intuitive understanding of current and voltage, and power. Written by Willy McAllister. Voltage and current are the cornerstone concepts in electricity. We will create our first mental models for these basic electrical quantities.

How can I learn basic electronics?

Learn Electronics With These 10 Simple StepsStep 1: Learn the Closed Loop. … Step 2: Get a Basic Understanding of Voltage, Current and Resistance. … Step 3: Learn Electronics By Building Circuits From Circuit Diagrams. … Step 4: Get a Basic Understanding of These Components. … Step 5: Get Experience Using the Transistor as a Switch. … Step 6: Learn How To Solder.More items…•

What are the basics of electricity?

Electrical Charge Electricity is the movement of electrons. Electrons create charge, which we can harness to do work. Your lightbulb, your stereo, your phone, etc., are all harnessing the movement of the electrons in order to do work. They all operate using the same basic power source: the movement of electrons.

What are the 5 components of electricity?

Below you will find information about the most common electrical components:Resistors. The very first component that you should know about is the resistor. … Capacitors. … Light Emitting Diode (LED) … Transistors. … Inductors. … Integrated Circuit (IC)

What are the 4 basic components of a circuit?

The Basic Parts of an Electric Circuit Every electric circuit, regardless of where it is or how large or small it is, has four basic parts: an energy source (AC or DC), a conductor (wire), an electrical load (device), and at least one controller (switch).